The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) plays an important role in calcium homeostasis. SR calcium mishandling is described in pathological conditions such as myopathies. Here, we investigated whether the nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group D member (NR1D1, also called REV-ERBα) regulates skeletal muscle SR calcium homeostasis. Our data demonstrate that NR1D1 deficiency in mice impairs SERCA-dependent SR calcium uptake. NR1D1 acts on calcium homeostasis by repressing the SERCA inhibitor myoregulin through direct binding to its promoter. Restoration of myoregulin counteracts the effects of NR1D1 overexpression on SR calcium content. Interestingly, myoblasts from Duchenne myopathy patients display lower NR1D1 expression, whereas pharmacological NR1D1 activation ameliorates SR calcium homeostasis, and improves muscle structure and function in dystrophic mdx/Utr+/- mice. Our findings demonstrate that NR1D1 regulates muscle SR calcium homeostasis, pointing to its therapeutic interest for mitigating myopathy.
Alexis Boulinguiez, Christian Duhem, Alicia Mayeuf-Louchart, Benoit Pourcet, Yasmine Sebti, Kateryna Kondratska, Valérie Montel, Stéphane Delhaye, Quentin Thorel, Justine Beauchamp, Aurore Hebras, Marion Gimenez, Marie Couvelaere, Mathilde Zecchin, Lise Ferri, Natalia Prevarskaya, Anne Forand, Christel Gentil, Jessica Ohana, France Piétri-Rouxel, Bruno Bastide, Bart Staels, Helene Duez, Steve Lancel