Arrestin domain containing 3 (ARRDC3) represents a newly discovered α-arrestin involved in obesity, inflammation, and cancer. Here, we demonstrate a proinflammation role of ARRDC3 in Helicobacter pylori–associated gastritis. Increased ARRDC3 was detected in gastric mucosa of patients and mice infected with H. pylori. ARRDC3 in gastric epithelial cells (GECs) was induced by H. pylori, regulated by ERK and PI3K-AKT pathways in a cagA-dependent manner. Human gastric ARRDC3 correlated with the severity of gastritis, and mouse ARRDC3 from non-BM–derived cells promoted gastric inflammation. This inflammation was characterized by the CXCR2-dependent influx of CD45+CD11b+Ly6C–Ly6G+ neutrophils, whose migration was induced via the ARRDC3-dependent production of CXCL2 by GECs. Importantly, gastric inflammation was attenuated in Arrdc3–/– mice but increased in protease-activated receptor 1–/– (Par1–/–) mice. Mechanistically, ARRDC3 in GECs directly interacted with PAR1 and negatively regulated PAR1 via ARRDC3-mediated lysosomal degradation, which abrogated the suppression of CXCL2 production and following neutrophil chemotaxis by PAR1, thereby contributing to the development of H. pylori–associated gastritis. This study identifies a regulatory network involving H. pylori, GECs, ARRDC3, PAR1, and neutrophils, which collectively exert a proinflammatory effect within the gastric microenvironment. Efforts to inhibit this ARRDC3-dependent pathway may provide valuable strategies in treating of H. pylori–associated gastritis.
Yu-gang Liu, Yong-sheng Teng, Zhi-guo Shan, Ping Cheng, Chuan-jie Hao, Yi-pin Lv, Fang-yuan Mao, Shi-ming Yang, Weisan Chen, Yong-liang Zhao, Nan You, Quan-ming Zou, Yuan Zhuang