Acute and chronic intestinal inflammation is associated with epithelial damage, resulting in mucosal wounds in the forms of erosions and ulcers in the intestinal tract. Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and immune cells in the wound milieu secrete cytokines and lipid mediators to influence repair. Leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a lipid chemokine, binds to its receptor BLT1 and promotes migration of immune cells to sites of active inflammation; however, a role for intestinal epithelial BLT1 during mucosal wound repair is not known. Here we report that BLT1 was expressed in IECs both in vitro and in vivo, where it functioned as a receptor not only for LTB4 but also for another ligand, resolvin E1. Intestinal epithelial BLT1 expression was increased when epithelial cells were exposed to an inflammatory microenvironment. Using human and murine primary colonic epithelial cells, we reveal that the LTB4/BLT1 pathway promoted epithelial migration and proliferation leading to accelerated epithelial wound repair. Furthermore, in vivo intestinal wound repair experiments in BLT1-deficient mice and bone marrow chimeras demonstrated an important contribution of epithelial BLT1 during colonic mucosal wound repair. Taken together, our findings show a potentially novel prorepair in IEC mechanism mediated by BLT1 signaling.
Shusaku Hayashi, Chithra K. Muraleedharan, Makito Oku, Sunil Tomar, Simon P. Hogan, Miguel Quiros, Charles A. Parkos, Asma Nusrat
Usage data is cumulative from February 2023 through February 2024.
Usage information is collected from two different sources: this site (JCI) and Pubmed Central (PMC). JCI information (compiled daily) shows human readership based on methods we employ to screen out robotic usage. PMC information (aggregated monthly) is also similarly screened of robotic usage.
Various methods are used to distinguish robotic usage. For example, Google automatically scans articles to add to its search index and identifies itself as robotic; other services might not clearly identify themselves as robotic, or they are new or unknown as robotic. Because this activity can be misinterpreted as human readership, data may be re-processed periodically to reflect an improved understanding of robotic activity. Because of these factors, readers should consider usage information illustrative but subject to change.