Defective primary cilia cause a range of diseases called ciliopathies, which include hearing loss (HL). Variants in the human oxysterol-binding protein like 2 (OSBPL2/ORP2) are responsible for autosomal dominant nonsyndromic HL (DFNA67). However, the pathogenesis of OSBPL2 deficiency has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we show that the Osbpl2-KO mice exhibited progressive HL and abnormal cochlear development with defective cilia. Further research revealed that OSBPL2 was located at the base of the kinocilia in hair cells (HCs) and primary cilia in supporting cells (SCs) and functioned in the maintenance of ciliogenesis by regulating the homeostasis of PI(4,5)P2 (phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate) on the cilia membrane. OSBPL2 deficiency led to a significant increase of PI(4,5)P2 on the cilia membrane, which could be partially rescued by the overexpression of INPP5E. In addition, smoothened and GL13, the key molecules in the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway, were detected to be downregulated in Osbpl2-KO HEI-OC1 cells. Our findings revealed that OSBPL2 deficiency resulted in ciliary defects and abnormal Shh signaling transduction in auditory cells, which helped to elucidate the underlying mechanism of OSBPL2 deficiency in HL.
Hairong Shi, Hongshun Wang, Cheng Zhang, Yajie Lu, Jun Yao, Zhibin Chen, Guangqian Xing, Qinjun Wei, Xin Cao