Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disorder caused by loss of survival motor neuron (SMN) protein. While SMN restoration therapies are beneficial, they are not a cure. We aimed to identify potentially novel treatments to alleviate muscle pathology combining transcriptomics, proteomics, and perturbational data sets. This revealed potential drug candidates for repurposing in SMA. One of the candidates, harmine, was further investigated in cell and animal models, improving multiple disease phenotypes, including lifespan, weight, and key molecular networks in skeletal muscle. Our work highlights the potential of multiple and parallel data-driven approaches for the development of potentially novel treatments for use in combination with SMN restoration therapies.
Katharina E. Meijboom, Viola Volpato, Jimena Monzón-Sandoval, Joseph M. Hoolachan, Suzan M. Hammond, Frank Abendroth, Olivier G. de Jong, Gareth Hazell, Nina Ahlskog, Matthew J.A. Wood, Caleb Webber, Melissa Bowerman
Top 10 pharmacological compounds identified by CMap analysis based on 3 expression signatures for both the transcriptomic data and proteomic data.