Osteochondromas are common benign osteocartilaginous tumors in children and adolescents characterized by cartilage-capped bony projections on the surface of bones. These tumors often cause pain, deformity, fracture, and musculoskeletal dysfunction, and they occasionally undergo malignant transformation. The pathogenesis of osteochondromas remains poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 and c2 (NFATc1 and NFATc2) suppress osteochondromagenesis through individual and combinatorial mechanisms. In mice, conditional deletion of NFATc1 in mesenchymal limb progenitors, Scleraxis-expressing (Scx-expressing) tendoligamentous cells, or postnatally in
Xianpeng Ge, Kelly Tsang, Lizhi He, Roberto A. Garcia, Joerg Ermann, Fumitaka Mizoguchi, Minjie Zhang, Bin Zhou, Bin Zhou, Antonios O. Aliprantis
Ablation of nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1) in limb mesenchymal progenitors and postnatal Aggrecan-expressing cells causes osteochondromas at entheseal sites.