Depletion of torsinA from hepatocytes leads to reduced liver triglyceride secretion and marked hepatic steatosis. TorsinA is an atypical ATPase that lacks intrinsic activity unless it is bound to its activator, lamina-associated polypeptide 1 (LAP1) or luminal domain–like LAP1 (LULL1). We previously demonstrated that depletion of LAP1 from hepatocytes has more modest effects on liver triglyceride secretion and steatosis development than depletion of torsinA. We now show that depletion of LULL1 alone does not significantly decrease triglyceride secretion or cause steatosis. However, simultaneous depletion of both LAP1 and LULL1 leads to defective triglyceride secretion and marked steatosis similar to that observed with depletion of torsinA. Depletion of both LAP1 and torsinA from hepatocytes generated phenotypes similar to those observed with only torsinA depletion, implying that the 2 proteins act in the same pathway in liver lipid metabolism. Our results demonstrate that torsinA and its activators dynamically regulate hepatic lipid metabolism.
Antonio Hernandez-Ono, Yi Peng Zhao, John W. Murray, Cecilia Östlund, Michael J. Lee, Angsi Shi, William T. Dauer, Howard J. Worman, Henry N. Ginsberg, Ji-Yeon Shin
Mice with depletion of LULL1 from hepatocytes show no overt liver abnormalities.