The importance of the proper localization of most receptors at the cell surface is often underestimated, although this feature is essential for optimal receptor response. Endospanin 1 (Endo1) (also known as OBRGRP or LEPROT) is a protein generated from the same gene as the human leptin receptor and regulates the trafficking of proteins to the surface, including the leptin receptor. The systemic role of Endo1 on whole-body metabolism has not been studied so far. Here, we report that general Endo1-KO mice fed a high-fat diet develop metabolically healthy obesity with lipid repartitioning in organs and preferential accumulation of fat in adipose tissue, limited systematic inflammation, and better controlled glucose homeostasis. Mechanistically, Endo1 interacts with the lipid translocase CD36, thus regulating its surface abundance and lipid uptake in adipocytes. In humans, the level of Endo1 transcripts is increased in the adipose tissue of patients with obesity, but low levels rather correlate with a profile of metabolically healthy obesity. We suggest here that Endo1, most likely by controlling CD36 cell surface abundance and lipid uptake in adipocytes, dissociates obesity from diabetes and that its absence participates in metabolically healthy obesity.


Arturo Roca-Rivada, Marcio Do Cruzeiro, Raphaël G.P. Denis, Qiang Zhang, Christine Rouault, Yves Rouillé, Jean-Marie Launay, Céline Cruciani-Guglielmacci, Virginie Mattot, Karine Clément, Ralf Jockers, Julie Dam


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