The impairment of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function with an inadequate increase in myocardial relaxation velocity directly results in lower LV compliance, increased LV filling pressures, and heart failure symptoms. The development of agents facilitating the relaxation of human cardiomyocytes requires a better understanding of the underlying regulatory mechanisms. We performed a high-content microscopy-based screening in human induced pluripotent stem cell–derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) using a library of 2,565 human miRNA mimics and measured relaxation kinetics via high-computing analyses of motion movies. We identified hsa-miR-548v, a primate-specific miRNA, as the miRNA producing the largest increase in relaxation velocities. This positive lusitropic effect was reproduced in engineered cardiac tissues generated with healthy and BRAF T599R mutant hiPSC-CMs and was independent of changes in calcium transients. Consistent with improvements in viscoelastic responses to mechanical stretch, RNA-Seq showed that hsa-miR-548v downregulated multiple targets, especially components of the mechanosensing machinery. The exogenous administration of hsa-miR-548v in hiPSC-CMs notably resulted in a significant reduction of ANKRD1/CARP1 expression and localization at the sarcomeric I-band. This study suggests that the sarcomere I-band is a critical control center regulating the ability of cardiomyocytes to relax and is a target for improving relaxation and diastolic dysfunction.


Eva Vermersch, Salomé Neuvendel, Charlène Jouve, Andrea Ruiz-Velasco, Céline Pereira, Magali Seguret, Marie-Elodie Cattin-Messaoudi, Sofia Lotfi, Thierry Dorval, Pascal Berson, Jean-Sébastien Hulot


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