Impaired glucose metabolism is observed in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Glucose controls gene expression through the transcription factor ChREBP in liver and adipose tissues. Mlxipl encodes 2 isoforms: ChREBPα, the full-length form (translocation into the nucleus is under the control of glucose), and ChREBPβ, a constitutively nuclear shorter form. ChREBPβ gene expression in white adipose tissue is strongly associated with insulin sensitivity. Here, we investigated the consequences of ChREBPβ deficiency on insulin action and energy balance. ChREBPβ-deficient male and female C57BL6/J and FVB/N mice were produced using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing. Unlike global ChREBP deficiency, lack of ChREBPβ showed modest effects on gene expression in adipose tissues and the liver, with variations chiefly observed in brown adipose tissue. In mice fed chow and 2 types of high-fat diets, lack of ChREBPβ had moderate effects on body composition and insulin sensitivity. At thermoneutrality, ChREBPβ deficiency did not prevent the whitening of brown adipose tissue previously reported in total ChREBP-KO mice. These findings revealed that ChREBPβ is dispensable for metabolic adaptations to nutritional and thermic challenges.
Emeline Recazens, Geneviève Tavernier, Jérémy Dufau, Camille Bergoglio, Fadila Benhamed, Stéphanie Cassant-Sourdy, Marie-Adeline Marques, Sylvie Caspar-Bauguil, Alice Brion, Laurent Monbrun, Renaud Dentin, Clara Ferrier, Mélanie Leroux, Pierre-Damien Denechaud, Cedric Moro, Jean-Paul Concordet, Catherine Postic, Etienne Mouisel, Dominique Langin