Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a primary feature of cardiovascular complications in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. MiRNA-30 is an important posttranscriptional regulator of LVH, but it is unknown whether miRNA-30 participates in the process of CKD-induced LVH. In the present study, we found that CKD not only results in LVH but also suppresses miRNA-30 expression in the myocardium. Rescue of cardiomyocyte-specific miRNA-30 attenuates LVH in CKD rats without altering CKD progression. Importantly, in vivo and in vitro knockdown of miRNA-30 in cardiomyocytes leads to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by upregulating the calcineurin signalling directly. Furthermore, CKD-related detrimental factors, such as fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), uraemic toxin, angiotensin-II (Ang-II) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), suppress cardiac miRNA-30 expression, while miRNA-30 supplementation blunts cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by such factors. These results uncover a novel mechanism of CKD-induced LVH and provide a potential therapeutic target for CKD patients with LVH.
Jingfu Bao, Yinghui Lu, Qin-ying She, Weijuan Dou, Rong Tang, Xiaodong Xu, Mingchao Zhang, Ling Zhu, Qing Zhou, Hui Li, Guohua Zhou, Zhongzhou Yang, Shaolin Shi, Zhihong Liu, Chunxia Zheng