Cardiac pathological remodeling, a primary contributor to heart failure (HF) and death, is an important target for HF therapy. However, the signaling pathways that govern cardiac remodeling are not fully elucidated. Here, we found that a functionally unannotated human myocardial infarction–associated (MI-associated) gene, family with sequence similarity 114 member A1 (FAM114A1), is induced in failing human and mouse hearts compared with nonfailing hearts. Homozygous KO of Fam114a1 (Fam114a1–/–) in the mouse genome reduces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, inflammation, and cardiac fibrosis while restoring cardiac function in angiotensin II–induced (Ang II–induced) and MI-induced HF mouse models. Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) exhibit the highest FAM114A1 expression among different cardiac cell types. FAM114A1 is a critical autonomous factor for CF proliferation, activation, and migration. Mechanistically, FAM114A1 interacts with angiotensin receptor–associated protein (AGTRAP) and regulates the expression of angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) and downstream Ang II signaling transduction, and it subsequently influences profibrotic response. Our results indicate that FAM114A1 regulates Ang II signaling, thereby activating CFs and other cardiac cells and augmenting pathological cardiac remodeling. These findings provide potentially novel insights into the regulation of cardiac remodeling and identify FAM114A1 as a therapeutic target for the treatment of heart disease.
Kadiam C. Venkata Subbaiah, Jiangbin Wu, Wai Hong Wilson Tang, Peng Yao
Increased FAM114A1 expression in activated myofibroblasts in human and mouse failing hearts.