Ciliary motion defects cause defective mucociliary transport (MCT) in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). Current diagnostic tests do not assess how MCT is affected by perturbation of ciliary motion. In this study, we sought to use micro-optical coherence tomography (μOCT) to delineate the mechanistic basis of cilia motion defects of PCD genes by functional categorization of cilia motion. Tracheae from three PCD mouse models were analyzed using μOCT to characterize ciliary motion and measure MCT. We developed multiple measures of ciliary activity, integrated these measures, and quantified dyskinesia by the angular range of the cilia effective stroke (ARC).
George M. Solomon, Richard Francis, Kengyeh K. Chu, Susan E. Birket, George Gabriel, John E. Trombley, Kristi L. Lemke, Nikolai Klena, Brett Turner, Guillermo J. Tearney, Cecilia W. Lo, Steven M. Rowe
Pathological characterization of PCD mice.